Publication ethics

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Ethics in scientific publications is a system of standards of professional conduct in the relationships between authors, reviewers, editors, publishers and readers in the process of creating, distributing and using scientific publications.

The authors are responsible for the reliability and significance of scientific results and the relevance of the scientific content of the work. Manuscripts of articles previously published or submitted to other publications are not accepted.

By submitting a work for publication in a journal, authors guarantee that the work described has not been previously published, that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere, that its publication has been approved by all co-authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that if it is accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form in English or any other language, including electronically, without the written consent of the copyright owner.

The originality of the received articles is checked using the Anti-Plagiarism system ( By presenting the text of the article, the authors certify that the work is completely original and, in the case of using the works of other authors, appropriate bibliographic references have been made.

Submitted articles are reviewed by at least two independent scientists in the relevant scientific field who are not members of the editorial board.

Responsibilities of Editors

The decision to publish. The executive secretary and proofreader of a scientific journal are all on their own and independently responsible for making decisions about publication, based on cooperation with the editorial board, the international expert council and the editorial board of the journal. The scientific content of the work under consideration and its scientific significance should always form the basis of the decision to publish. The editor-in-chief may be guided by the policies of the journal’s editorial board, while being limited by current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright, legality and plagiarism.


Any manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document. Materials should not be shown or discussed with others except those authorized by the editor-in-chief.

Conflicts of interest and policy for their resolution

Unpublished data obtained from manuscripts submitted for consideration cannot be used in personal research without the written consent from the author. Information or ideas obtained through review related to priority benefits must be kept confidential and may not be used for personal gain.

Editors should decline to review manuscripts if there are conflicts of interest due to competitive, collaborative, or other interactions or relationships with authors, companies, or other organizations associated with the manuscript.

Responsibilities of Reviewers

Influence on the decisions of the editorial board. Peer review helps the editor-in-chief to make an adequate decision on publication and, through appropriate interaction with authors, can also help the author to improve the quality of the work. Peer review is an essential part of formal scientific communication and is at the core of the scientific approach. The editors share the view that all scientists who want to publish their work are required to participate in the review of manuscripts.

Any selected reviewer who perceives that they are not qualified to review a manuscript or who does not have sufficient time to complete the work quickly should notify the scientific editor and request to be excluded from the review process for the relevant manuscript.

Any manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document. Materials should not be shown or discussed with others except those authorized by the editor-in-chief.

Responsibilities of the authors

Requirements for manuscripts. The data underlying the work must be presented accurately and without errors. The work must contain sufficient detail and the authors of the manuscript must provide reliable results of the work done, as well as an objective judgment about the significance of the research conducted, bibliographic references for possible reproduction. False or obviously erroneous statements are perceived as unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Multiplicity, redundancy and simultaneity of publications

In general, an author should not publish a manuscript largely devoted to the same research in more than one journal as an original publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is perceived as unethical behavior and is unacceptable.

In general, an author should not submit a previously published article for consideration to another journal.

Publishing a certain type of article (eg translation) in more than one journal is, in some cases, ethical, if provided certain conditions are met. Authors and editors of interested journals may agree to re-publication that necessarily presents the same data and interpretations as the original published work. A bibliographic reference to the first work must be presented in the second publication.

Acknowledgment of primary sources. Authors must cite publications that are relevant to the performance of the submitted work. Data obtained in private, such as through conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties, should not be used or presented without the express written permission of the original source. Information obtained from confidential sources (for example, during the review or evaluation of manuscripts for grants) should not be used without the express written permission of the authors of the work related to confidential sources.

Authorship of the publication

Authors of a publication can only be persons who have made a significant contribution to the conception of the work, development, execution or interpretation of the presented research. All who made significant contributions should be designated as co-authors. In cases where research participants have made significant contributions in a particular area of the research project, they should be identified in a reference as having made significant contributions to the study.

The author must ensure that all participants who made significant contributions to the study are listed as co-authors and that those who did not participate in the study are not listed as co-authors, and ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the work and agree with the submission it for publication.


If the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that pose a hazard, the author must clearly identify them in the manuscript.

Disclosure of Informationand Conflict of Interests

All authors must disclose funding in their work, as well as the existence of third party interests that could be perceived as influencing the results or interpretation of the manuscript.

Significant errors in published works

An article submitted to the journal must be carefully edited and verified by the authors. The language of presentation of the material should be clear, without long introductions and repetitions. The author bears full responsibility for the accuracy of the reference list data. By submitting an article for publication, the authors agree with possible editorial changes that do not distort the main content of the article. The editors may not agree with the authors on scientific, literary or technical corrections of articles and do not enter into discussions with the authors of articles. If a significant error or inaccuracy is discovered in his/her published work, the author should inform the journal’s editor-in-chief or publisher and cooperate with the editor-in-chief to retract or correct the article.