Annotation. This article tells about the tragedy of the Kazakh people in the 20-30s of the twentieth century, about repressive measures, dispossession, persecution of the people. Consequences of the “divide and rule” policy. Protests and discontent of the common people. It is said about the impact of forced collectivization and repression on the fate of people. The struggle of the Kazakh intelligentsia of other scientists for the integrity of the state, etc.
Keywords: repression, famine, genocide, ethnocide, population census, intelligentsia.