Archive category

Air transport and technology
Authors: Davydov I.A., Kondryakova М.А.
Number of magazine: №-4 (31) 2023

Abstract. The article prepared by the author is a study aimed at automating the diagnosis of subsurface stratifications on composite structures of aircraft that are formed during post-impact damage. This article presents the results of the tests – the blow was inflicted on “witness samples”, that is, from a composite material that is used in the designs of civil aircraft. The blow was applied with tips of various shapes and diameters, allowing to simulate the operational defects of aircraft as much as possible. The impact was carried out in the range from 5 J to 80 J, impacts below this limit do not lead to delamination of the composite material, impacts above the specified limit lead to cracks on the surface of the composite material and significantly change the shape of the structure, which is beyond the scope of this study. Using regression analysis based on the test results, the ratios of geometric variables of defects and shock effects were obtained, which allows modeling the width, depth and shape of the defect from the impact energy and vice versa. Based on the data obtained, the author has developed software in the Java programming language, which calculates subsurface stratification in post-impact damage based on geometric data of a defect on the surface of a composite material. Automation of the post-impact damage diagnostics process significantly reduces the likelihood of a subsurface defect on a composite material being missed by the engineering and technical staff of an aviation enterprise, and also automatically issues recommendations on the replacement or repair of an aircraft composite structure. The relevance of the study of composite materials is of particular importance in connection with the development of a completely new domestic liner MS21-310, in which the wing is made of multilayer carbon fiber. The developed software based on the test results will have an impact for the successful provision of after-sales operation of the aircraft and maintenance of airworthiness.

Key words: composite materials, aviation, defect, operation of aviation equipment, maintenance.

Authors: Keribayeva T.B., Rysbekova A.A., Seifula G.N., Abdimatova T.
Number of magazine: №-4 (31) 2023

Abstract.The relevance of the article is directly related to one of the most pressing roblems of aviation, which has existed since the appearance of the first aircraft with engines. This problem remains relevant due to the fact that it is one of the main factors that affects the stability and controllability of the aircraft.

Keywords: rotor rotation, aircraft stability and control, aircraft control, damping, aircraft control system.

Authors: Peshko E.V., Kondryakova M.A.
Number of magazine: №-4 (31) 2023

Abstract. The purpose of the research presented in the article is to identify machine learning methods and algorithms that can improve the safety, efficiency and economy of air traffic. The article contains the results of a review of information and scientific and technical materials on modern machine learning technologies developed and used in automated air traffic management systems.

Key words: machine learning, neural networks, ATM systems, clustering, artificial intelligence.

Authors: Zharkov R.I., Yermekbaev M.M.,Yergaliyev D.S.
Number of magazine: №-4 (31) 2023

Abstract. This article examines the key aspects of the use of simulators in pilot
training in the context of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The article analyzes the
requirements for simulator training established by the legislation of the Republic of
Kazakhstan, with an emphasis on standards, mandatory stages and types of training
sessions. The advantages of this training method, such as cost reduction, maximum
realism of flight scenarios and the development of teamwork, as well as disadvantages,
including limitations in emotional stress and limited opportunities for collective
training, are discussed in detail. The article also suggests specific measures to improve
simulator training, including the introduction of advanced technologies in virtual
reality and the development of more realistic training programs. Concluding with the
conclusion, the article emphasizes the importance of continuous improvement of
training methods to meet modern challenges and aviation safety standards.

Keywords: aviation, pilots, flight personnel, professional training, simulators,
simulators, virtual reality.

Authors: Abdimatova T.D.,Rysbekova A.A., Toilybai O., Seifula G.N.
Number of magazine: №-4 (31) 2023

Abstract. The electrical system is one of the main components of the aircraft, most of the systems and components of which are powered by electricity. The electrical system of an airplane can be compared to the human nervous system, without electricity, organs and body parts would not function. However, in case of such an emergency, the aircraft is equipped with a battery that can power the aircraft for 30
minutes – the maximum time until an alternative airport is found and the aircraft cannot land.

Key words: electrical system, battery, alternating current, generator, batteries

Authors: Azamatova Zh.K.
Number of magazine: №-4 (31) 2023

Abstract. In this paper we investigate the airborne collision avoidance system (ACAS) and its further development to enhance flight safety by expanding the functionality of the system TCAS II TCAS 2000. Automation and control functions and, in particular, the functions of preventing conflict situations in flight – one of the most effective ways of airborne and ground systems, avionics, providing a significant
increase in safety. In this article, we conducted a comparative analysis, which allows us to determine the benefits of TCAS 2000 compared TCAS II system in the future be used in the civil aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan decent system that will ensure the safety and regularity of flight.

Key words: Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS), Automation of management functions, issue only warnings about the traffic situation (Traffic Alert Only), warning zone (Warning Area) and the zone of increased attention (Caution Area).

Authors: Ospanov E.A.
Number of magazine: №-3 (30) 2023

Abstract. The article discusses mathematical modeling of flight planning directions.
Mathematical calculations of accuracy and adequacy are analyzed.

Key words: Mathematics, modeling, computational experiment, dynamics, software, controls,

Authors: Rysbekova A.A., Keribayeva T.B., Abdimatova T. D.,Seyfula G. N., Toilybai O.
Number of magazine: №-3 (30) 2023

Abstract. Modernization of life support systems for the crew and passengers of aircraft is one of the most important aspects of aviation security. Here are some of the advances in technology that
have improved the survival of modern aircraft: oxygen systems, Cabin Pressure Control, Emergency Evacuation Systems, advanced filtration systems. In general, the modernization of life support
systems for the crew and passengers of aircraft has significantly increased the safety and comfort of ir travel. Thanks to these advanced systems, passengers and crew can feel safe and confident during the flight.As for the technologies considered in this work, which are used both on Earth and in space conditions, the integration of life support systems for space flight into aviation can have both scientific significance and practical significance.From a scientific point of view, it is more efficient to integrate life support systems from the pace industry into aviation, and more stable life support systems can provide new data on the impact of various factors on a person during high-altitude flights. From a practical point of view, integrating life support systems from the space industry to aviation can significantly improve flight safety and comfort, especially in conditions of long-distance flight.

Keywords: space, flight safety, resources, aviation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, International Space Station.

Authors: Alibekkyzy K.
Number of magazine: №-3 (30) 2023

Abstract. Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) transmission can be used to increase the capacity of visible light communication (VLC) systems. This approach is well compatible with the
use of micro light emitting diode (µLED) arrays.In this paper, we demonstrate a VLC-MIMO imaging system using a 2D array of individually addressable microLEDs and an integrated CMOS-based receiver. The total data transfer rate of ~920 Mbps is realized using four parallel channels at a distance of 1 m. Further increase in data transfer rate is possible by optimizing the system components and operating conditions.

Keywords: visible light communication, multiple input and multiple outputs, optical wireless communication.

Authors: Keribayeva T.B., Rysbekova A.A.,Abdimatova T.D., Toilybai O., Seyfula G. N.
Number of magazine: №-3 (30) 2023

Abstract. Composite materials are among the most common materials in aircraft construction.
Due to the high importance of using composites in aviation, reliable non-destructive testing methods
are needed to ensure weight reduction in combination with mechanical properties, as well as to
prevent catastrophic failures. This article provides an overview of the current situation in this area
and focuses on the achievements and difficulties encountered by rengenic methods of non-destructive
testing in assessing the integrity of important aviation composites. The focus is on advanced certified
non-destructive testing methods for damage detection and use in primary and secondary aircraft
structures, as well as for determining the characteristics of composite materials.

Keywords: acoustic emission; composite structures of aircraft; eddy current testing;
radiography and tomography.

Authors: Adikanova S.
Number of magazine: №-3 (30) 2023

Abstract. This paper shows for the first time that the problem of continuous downhole
monitoring in the oil and gas industry is effectively solved through the use of visible light
communication (VLC). As a reliable, flexible and low-cost method, VLC can meet the critical need
of operators to maintain production efficiency and optimize gas well performance. The proposed VLC
system uses a Light Emitting Diode (LED) transmitter and a highly sensitive single photon detection
receiver called a Single Photon Avalanche Diode (SPAD). The latter plays an important role in
enabling communication over long distances, and the fact that there is no ambient light in the gas pipe
is exploited.In particular, the absence of ambient light provides a high signal to noise ratio (SNR) in a
receiver that operates in photon counting mode. In this study, the bit error rate (BER) performance of
the system is simulated for a 4 km long metal pipe. The proposed system is shown to be more energy
efficient than traditional methods, which is important because the transmitter is assumed to be battery
powered. In addition, the theoretical BER performance is calculated and compared with simulation

Keywords: wireless optical communication (OWC), visible communication

Authors: Koshelev N.D.,Danilova E.A.,Yurkov N.K.
Number of magazine: №-2 (29) 2023

Abstract. Lithium-ion batteries have become an indispensable power source for unmanned
aerial vehicles and other portable electronic devices, electric vehicles, and stationary energy storage
systems. However, their performance and safety can be compromised under high load conditions,
which can lead to catastrophic failures, such as thermal runaway and fire. To prevent such incidents,
it is crucial to develop reliable methods for predicting the failures of lithium-ion batteries under high
load conditions. In this article, we will discuss the prediction of failures of lithium-ion batteries under
high load on the BMS (Battery Monitoring System) charge boards in unmanned aerial vehicles

Keywords: lithium-ion batteries, battery monitoring system, charge boards, performance,
safety, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV).

Ключевые слова: литий-ионные аккумуляторы, система мониторинга заряда батареи,
зарядные платы, производительность, безопасность, беспилотные летательные аппараты