Archive numbers

№-3 (26) 2022
Authors: Shpakov P.S.,Ozhigin S.G.,Ozhigina S.B.,Musina G.A.,Baktykereev M.K.
Number of magazine: №-3 (26) 2022

Abstract. The paper presents studies proving the effectiveness of the use of unmanned aerial vehicles in the field of engineering and construction design when introducing information modeling technologies for buildings and structures.

Key words: unmanned aerial vehicle, building information modeling, design, construction.

Authors: Saidakhmedov R.H.,Saidakhmedova G.R.
Number of magazine: №-3 (26) 2022

Abstract. Diagnostics of the real state and residual life of structural elements of an aircraft gas turbine engine is the main task in solving the problem of ensuring safety in the operation of aircraft.
The most important link in the assessment of the resource and strength is the GTE turbine – the determination of the stress-strain state (SSS) of structural elements that are distinguished by the complexity of the shape and a large number of stress concentration zones. At the same time, the determination of the actual values of strains and stresses and their changes over time during operation is required both for assessing strength and service life, and for developing recommendations for optimizing operating modes and improving structures.

Key words: stress-strain state, diagnostics, heat-resistant coatings, GTE turbine blades, modeling.

Authors: Mirzali K.S., Karimov B.A.

Abstract: In modern conditions, transnational corporations are increasingly resorting to the concept of risk in managing advertising projects for the improvement of goods and services and their export to foreign markets. In particular, international advertising projects are being developed that minimally adapt to the local market and are strictly regulated. International advertising project often requires modifications to different countries and regions taking into account national, cultural, religious, linguistic and other differences. Therefore, transnational corporations are faced with the need to choose, change the topic of advertising and the tactics of persuasion in relation to the markets of different countries [3].
In modern conditions, many international companies develop advertising projects on the basis of the most advanced technologies that ensure integration into World advertising structures. As a result of the scientific-technical revolution in advertising activities on the world market, many changes have taken place, which manifest themselves more clearly in the following three areas: computerization of advertising process and application of informativeness; the growing influence of the global internet electronic network in the sphere of international advertising; active use of advertising on mobile phones.
Keywords: Advertising, Logistics, Risk.

Authors: Shukurova S.M.,Saydumarov I.M.

Abstract. This new study contributes to the implementation of the tasks reflected in the decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On measures for transformation and support of civil aviation enterprises” (Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, No. PP-5100 of April 30, 2021) and other regulatory acts related to this activity. The changes based on this decision are certainly related to the issue of training personnel for the aviation sector. The training process for new structures should be improved. In this regard, it is necessary to create and introduce new scientific-based electronic methodological manuals into the education system.
The main approaches to the systematization of aviation GA documents are also presented, data from literature sources are analyzed, and an approach that meets the goals and objectives of the electronic educational complex (EOC) “ZiNPD”is adopted.
In the aspect of systematization of aviation documents, an important role is assigned to the content of one of the main regulatory documents defining the rules for performing flights in the airspace of Uzbekistan-the Aviation Rules of the Republic of Uzbekistan – 91 document. According to Aviation Rules of the Republic of Uzbekistan -91 data, a variety of aviation documents were systematized and linked to the types of flight support. The systematization took into account 486 Doc documents and 348 Cir ICAO Cir circulars and 19 annexes to the Chicago Convention, as well as 87 regulatory documents of Civil Aviation of Uzbekistan.

Keywords: aviation, systematization, document, process, air traffic controllers.

Authors: Semenyuk V.V., Ritter E.S.,Zykova N.V.,Ritter D.V.,Smirnov A.P.

Abstract.This article discusses the prospects for the use of unmanned aerial vehicles in the field of light cargo transportation. The author noted the problem according to which unmanned aerial vehicles are not protected from collisions with obstacles in the form of walls, trees, other drones in case of crossing routes. In this regard, the article describes the study of the electrodynamic characteristics of microstrip phased antenna arrays, emphasizing their advantage over the existing obstacle avoidance systems based on ultrasonic sensors. The structure of the MNG-substrate is considered, which makes it possible to reduce the size of the antennas for convenient and smaller-sized mounting in the body of an unmanned aerial vehicle without losing the effective values of the parameters.

Key words: unmanned aerial vehicle, drone, microstrip antenna, phased array antenna (PAA), security system, metamaterials.

Authors: Ventland K.D

Abstract: This article discusses the problem of noise pollution. Noise pollution is a change in the natural volume and tonality of sounds as a result of anthropogenic influence. The noise of aviation equipment is one of the figures of noise pollution. After analyzing the main sources of noise on the aircraft, the noise control system in the source is determined. Solutions have been put forward to reduce the aviation noise impact on the environment.

Keywords: Aviation noise, noise impact, noise source, source mechanism.

Authors: Savostin A.A., Savostina G.V.

Abstract. The paper presents the methodological foundations necessary to solve the problem of automatic classification of emotions by the speaker’s speech. The general principle of synthesis of the emotion classification algorithm based on machine learning methods is proposed. A model of the process of speech formation is presented, which allows using digital signal processing tools to isolate significant informative features from speech. The general process of constructing a mathematical model of a classifier based on a probabilistic approach is described.

Keywords: emotion recognition, speech, automatic classification, machine learning.

Authors: Yelubai A.M.,Tulekova G.H.,Suranchieva N.R.

Abstract. The article describes the importance of mastering the auditable activity, one of the important types of speech activity. In a Russian-speaking audience, students can develop the ability to communicate, increase interest, motivation, and activity in learning a language by mastering listening. The perception and memorization of the information listened to by the learner depends on the informativeness and compositional structure of the text content, as well as on the volume of the text and the pronunciation time. The presence in the audio text of information consisting of facts and evidence expressing the main idea, the presence of a problem with a certain solution, the logical sequence of the stated thought and, in the end, the conclusion revealing the content of the text – indicates that the text meets methodological requirements. The content of the general text should be understandable to the language learner, and the language learner should be able to use it in the speech process. In cases where unfamiliar words in the text do not exceed 2 percent, the language learner, without paying attention to them, strives to assimilate the main idea that should be expressed in the text. We can see the results of our work only when, in parallel with mastering listening, there is its control, evaluation.
The article discusses the optimal methods and techniques of mastering professional texts by students through listening. Formation of professional orientation, skills of a specialist. Education in a higher educational institution is the main way of development of society. Therefore, the topics that take place in vocational education, including planning issues, should be based on the latest achievements of science.

Key words: listening, professional words, professionally-oriented, practical training, teaching skills.

Authors: Sailaubekova A.Zh.,Zolotov A.D.,Ospanov E.A.

Abstract. Research of the automatic control system properties with fuzzy regulator, which includes fuzzy pseudo-linear correction device with phase advance and PID regulator is provides in this One alternative method of building object control and regulation systems that are fuzzy defined in terms of classical theory is the use of o-called fuzzy ogic controllers.
Therefore, the development of fuzzy control regulators on the basis of existing microcontrollers is a very urgent task, as a pseudo-linear fuzzy regulator based on fuzzy sets and fuzzy logical input/output, in the condition of uncertainty of the disturbing effect, is able to provide higher performance of the ransient process than the traditional PID regulator.
As pseudo-linear correction devices (PCCs) we use: CD with amplitude suppression, with phase advance and with separate channels for amplitude and phase, as one of the main disadvantages of PID regulator is the presence of phase delay and high sensitivity to interference in the measurement channel.

Keywords: Microcontroller, controller, pseudo-linear correction device, fuzzy logic controller, transient quality.

Authors: Akbayeva A.N., Akbayeva L.N.

Abstract. The article discusses three factors of the harmonious development of the Kazakh society, indicated in the Message of the Head of State K.K. Tokayev to the people of Kazakhstan “A Just State. United nation. A prosperous society” dated September 1, 2022. These are ensuring the health of the nation, raising the level of the education system and reforming the social sphere. The criteria for the implementation of the strategic guidelines set in the Message are people. Therefore, the fair distribution of national wealth and the provision of equal opportunities to every citizen is the key goal of future reforms.
Among the directions for reforming medicine, the Address, first of all, indicates the underfunding of the industry, in connection with which it is planned to revise approaches to financing health care and comprehensively improve the medical infrastructure.
With regard to reforming the education system, the Address refers to all levels of education – from preschool to higher education. The priority here is to increase the salaries and social status of teachers and educators. With regard to reforms in the field of higher education, the Address sets the task of achieving a correspondence between the quality of education in universities and the cost of education.
Solving social problems in the country is the cornerstone of the Message. Therefore, it is proposed to introduce a new methodology for determining the minimum wage, implement a pension reform, introduce a unified system of targeted social assistance, and solve the problem of youth unemployment.
Key words: Message of the Head of State, health of the nation, raising the level of the education system, reforming the social sphere, underfunding of medicine, quality of education, wage increase, pension reform.

Authors: Zasorina Yu.A.

Abstract. This article considers the basic principles and methods of using modular training in a professional foreign language for students of a technical university, which contribute to optimization in achieving the goal and increase the efficiency of the educational process.

Key words: modular education, principles and technologies of modular education, modular program, communicative and cultural competence, cultural and linguistic personality, vocational training.

Authors: Abisheva G.F

Abstract. In the article foreign language teaching intensive method are considered. The article presents various unique techniques developed in the twentieth century, which do not lose their relevance and are used today. Their advantages and disadvantages are also analyzed, which will help the teacher in choosing the most suitable for composition his course of study.

Keywords: foreign language teaching intensive method, suggestology, suggestopedic method, the brain reserve capabilities, educational process organization.